Citation Help

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Citing sources is an essential part of the research process. Citing properly allows your reader or audience to locate the materials you have used. Most importantly, citations give credit to the authors of quoted or consulted information which is essential to maintaining academic integrity.

RefWorks, a powerful citation manager, is available to the Skidmore community and can be a helpful tool in creating properly formatted citations, and in addition, print versions of the APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, ASA, and ACA style guides are available at the Reference Desk. Feel free to ask a reference librarian for assistance.

APA Style

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA)

The website at offers some interactive tutorials and help with citing electronic sources. The 6th edition is the most recent, published in 2010.

APA Manual: Reference Desk BF76.7 .P83 2010

APA Formatting and Style Guide from OWL at Purdue University

MLA Style

Modern Language Association (MLA) Handbook for Writers of Research Papers

MLA style is widely used by universities, academic presses, and in the humanities subject areas. The association makes some information available through the style section on its site: The 7th edition is the most recent, published in 2009.

MLA Handbook: LB2369 .G53 2009

MLA Formatting and Style Guide from OWL at Purdue University

Chicago Manual of Style

Originally written in 1906, this citation style is favored by writers of theses, dissertations, and other forms of academic publishing. The library has a subscription to the full online version. The website also offers a citation quick guide that has many examples. The 16th edition is the most recent, published in 2010.

Chicago Manual of Style: Reference Desk Z253 .U69 2010

Chicago Manual of Style from OWL at Purdue University

Additional Resources

Citing Net Sources - Quick Guide

Citing Government Documents

Skidmore Writing Center Resources 

Skidmore Guide to Writing

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